8 Popular Species: Basic Comparison
When it comes to woodworking, the type of wood species you choose for your project makes all the difference. Different wood species have different properties, strengths, and weaknesses that make them ideal for specific uses. In this post, we'll take a quick look at some of the most popular wood species and their characteristics.
Ash: Ash is a hardwood species known for its strength, toughness, and flexibility. It has a light to medium brown color with a straight grain pattern. Ash is commonly used for furniture, sports equipment, and tool handles.
Black Locust: Black Locust is a hardwood species that is known for its strength, durability, and resistance to decay. It has a yellow-green to dark brown color and a fine grain pattern. Black Locust is commonly used for fence posts, outdoor furniture, and decking. It is among the world's most rot resistant woods.
Pine: Pine is a softwood species that is relatively easy to work with. It is lightweight, soft, inexpensive, and has a pale yellow color. Pine is commonly used for framing and construction, and occasionally for furniture and cabinetry.
Oak: Oak is a hardwood species that is known for its durability and strength. It has a distinctive grain pattern and a light to medium brown color. Oak is commonly used for furniture, cabinetry, and flooring. For the purposes of woodworking, Oak species fall into two categories. White Oaks and Red Oaks.
Maple: Maple is a hardwood species that is known for its hardness and durability. It has a fine grain pattern and a light color that ranges from cream to light brown. Maple is commonly used for flooring, furniture, and cabinetry. Maples fall into two categories, Hard Maples and Soft Maples.
Black Walnut: Black Walnut is a hardwood species that is known for its beauty and popularity. It has a rich, dark brown color and a straight grain pattern. Walnut is commonly used for furniture, cabinetry, and decorative items.
Cherry: Cherry is a hardwood species that is known for its warmth and beauty. It has a rich, reddish-brown color and a fine grain pattern. Cherry is commonly used for furniture, cabinetry, and decorative items. Generally food-safe.
Eastern Aromatic Red Cedar: Eastern Aromatic Red Cedar is a softwood species that is known for its distinctive aroma, durability, and natural beauty. It has a rich reddish-brown color and a fine, straight grain pattern. Eastern Aromatic Red Cedar is commonly used for closet lining, chests, and decorative items.
Each species has its own unique properties and characteristics that make it ideal for specific uses. When choosing a wood species for your project, consider the type of project you're working on, the desired appearance, and the level of durability and strength needed. In summary, choosing the right wood species is crucial for any woodworking project. By understanding the characteristics of each wood species, you can select the perfect wood for your project and create a beautiful, functional finished product.